point: The significance of the bona-fide fossils that were being found was muted for decades because they disagreed with Piltdown Man and the preconceived notions that those faked fossils supported. Harold Garner 's laboratory at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas is Déjà vu, 48 an open-access database containing several thousand instances of duplicate publication. Retraction) that concerns over the research record should take. Subsequent Retraction of the paper required the actions of an independent whistleblower. 12 Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. Oard is based on OAI-PMH (Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting) protocols which help to index the research papers worldwide. The misdirection of resources kept others from taking the real fossils more seriously and delayed the reaching of a correct understanding of human evolution.
Data sharing edit Kirby Lee and Lisa Bero suggest, "Although reviewing raw data can be difficult, time-consuming and expensive, having such a policy would hold authors more accountable for the accuracy of their data and potentially reduce scientific fraud or misconduct." 52 Notable individual cases. The authors must also agree and adhere on originality and authenticity of their research work. Persons who expose such cases, commonly called whistleblowers, can find themselves open to retaliation by a number of different means. "Shikeagi Kato, who resigned post in March, retracts Nature paper Retraction Watch". Global Society of Scientific Research and Researchers (. SPZ, an online workplace for researchers, tutors and students within the RePEc information space.
Photo manipulation edit Compared to other forms of scientific misconduct, image fraud (manipulation of images to distort their meaning) is of particular interest since it can frequently be detected by external parties. Adding bibliographic information to RePEc The basic principle is that publishers index their content themselves into RePEc. In this venue, members can decide amongst themselves with the help of peers if a scientific paper's ethical standards are met. RePEc Author Service, author registration and maintenance of a profile on RePEc. New Economics Papers is a free email, RSS and Twitter notification service for new downloadable working papers from over 90 specific fields. "Authorship Criteria and Disclosure of Contributions: Comparison of 3 General Medical Journals with Different Author Contribution Forms". 14 Plagiarism-Fabrication the act of taking an unrelated figure from an unrelated publication and reproducing it exactly in a new publication, claiming that it represents new data. "A tale of two citations" (PDF). That means that even if a scientist does falsify data, they can expect to get away with it or at least claim innocence if their results conflict with others in the same field. A subset is citation plagiarism willful or negligent failure to appropriately credit other or prior discoverers, so as to give an improper impression of priority. For cases of fabricated evidence, the consequences can be wide-ranging, with others working to confirm (or refute) the false finding, or with research agendas being distorted to address the fraudulent evidence. This is also known as, "citation amnesia the "disregard syndrome" and "bibliographic negligence".
Research Papers in Economics - Official Site
International Journal of, scientific and, research, publications
Research - Massage Therapy Foundation