University, 2007 Namie,. Weekly) and over a period of time (e.g. According to the Workplace Bullying Institute (2007 23 the comparison of reported combined bullying (current ever bullied) prevalence percentages reveals the pattern from most to least: Hispanics (52.1) Blacks (46) Whites (33.5) Asian (30.6) The reported rates of witnessing bullying were: Asian (28.5) Blacks (21.1). Peers can be either the target or perpetrator. "Bullying by the boss is common but hard to fix".
George Orwell: What is Fascism?
41 As a consequence of this kiss up kick down strategy: 42 a bullys mistakes are always concealed or blamed on underlings or circumstances beyond their control a bully keeps the target under constant stress a bullys power base is fear, not respect a bully. 43 Fighting the bullying can require near heroic action, especially if the bullying targets just one or two individuals. Bullying behaviour by supervisors toward subordinates typically manifests as an abuse of power by the supervisor in the workplace. In his view, Machiavellianism represents the core of workplace bullying. But this is unproven and lacks evidence.
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