distances between sea otter populations in the northern parts of the range in conjunction with the genetic similarities found between founder and translocated groups, such as between AM and seak or WA, may account for the relatively low F ST values found. Allelic frequencies may differ in the center of the range when compared to the ends of the cline, due to the gradual and continuous change of allelic frequencies over the large geographic area that sea otters were sampled. But for many of the small, isolated populations that remained it was already too late. FST (below diagonal) and Nei's distance (above diagonal) values for pre-fur trade and modern sea otter populations based on sampled geographic locations and structure population assignments. PLoS ONE 7(3 e32205.
Sea otter research paper
Apa college paper setuo 2013
Individuals within both pre-fur trade and modern otters were tested for assignment in up to 12 possible populations (K 112 and was run five times for each K to determine consistency (simulation summary for both groups see Table 3 ). This dense fur and air combined with the sea otter's specialized oil glands enhance the water repellent quality of the fur and the ability to keep their skin warm and dry. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools:. Compared to the pre-fur trade sea otter populations this represents a loss of 33 heterozygosity and 69 of alleles ( Table 1 and figures 1, 2, 3 ). In their paper published. Van Oosterhout C, Hutchinson WF, Wills DPM, Shipley P (2004) micro-checker: software for identifying and correcting genotyping errors in microsatellite data.